Gujarat Government Guidelines For mucormycosis Disease

Gujarat Government Guidelines For mucormycosis Disease:- Mucormycosis is a type of fungal disease in which people with weakened immune systems and other illnesses are more likely to get the infection and the infection is more severe, with a mortality rate of up to 50%.

Sporadic cases of Mucormycosis are commonly seen, but recently cases of Mucormycosis have been reported in Ahmedabad and Rajkot in patients with covid infection, so that district officers, specialists, and medical officers are informed about the disease.

Gujarat Government Guidelines For mucormycosis Disease


What is Mucormycosis

Mucormycosis (previously called zygomycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes. These molds live throughout the environment. Mucormycosis mainly affects people who have health problems or take medicines that lower the body's ability to fight germs and sickness. It most commonly affects the sinuses or the lungs after inhaling fungal spores from the air, or the skin after the fungus enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other types of skin injury. However, it can occur in nearly any part of the body.

Types of Mucormycosis

• Rhinocerebral (sinus and brain) mucormycosis is an infection in the
sinuses that can spread to the brain. This form of mucormycosis is most common in people with uncontrolled diabetes and in people who have had a kidney transplant

• Pulmonary (lung) mucormycosis is the most common type of
mucormycosis in people with cancer and in people who have had an organ transplant or a stem cell transplant

• Gastrointestinal mucormycosis is more common among young children than adults, especially premature and low birth weight infants less than 1 the month of age, who have had antibiotics, surgery, or medications that lower the body's ability to fight germs and sickness

• Cutaneous (skin) mucormycosis: occurs after the fungi enter the body through a break in the skin (for example, after surgery, a burn, or another type of skin trauma). This is the most common form of mucormycosis among people who do not have weakened immune systems.

• Disseminated mucormycosis occurs when the infection spreads through the bloodstream to affect another part of the body. The infection most commonly affects the brain but also can affect other organs such as the spleen, heart, and skin.

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